Andrew Carnegie Biography, Life , Education & Philanthropy

Andrew Carnegie Biography

Andrew Carnegie Biography

Andrew Carnegie was born in Scotland on November 25, 1835. He immigrated to New York at age 13 and became an American citizen.

He made his fortune as a steel magnate and used the wealth to establish public libraries, world peace foundations, educational facilities, and research institutes.

Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919) was a Scottish-born American industrialist. He built the U.S. Steel Corporation, which became the world’s leading steel company, and was chairman of the Carnegie Steel Company. He was described as a “robber baron” because of his aggressive business practices.

Andrew Carnegie’s Life

Carnegie is known as the “father of American industry.” At age 13, he left Scotland to live with his uncle in Dunfermline, Renfrewshire.

 After failing in many businesses, including ironworking and farming, he moved to America in 1848 at age 18.

Upon arriving in America, he worked as a bobbin boy in a textile factory and then as a railroad navvy, laying the tracks of the Pennsylvania Railroad. He continued to advance in his career by keeping close watch on cost and efficiency.

 For example, he bought tickets for every section of his rail journey so that he always rode the least expensive coach. He also always traveled with his own pillowcase because the company provided linen ones which proved to be very expensive.

He moved to Pittsburgh and owned a share of a factory that made wooden railroad ties. He invested his profits in iron mills and built the Keystone Bridge Company.

He became a leading American industrialist as head of the Carnegie Steel Company, which bought out competitors and controlled 88% of the steel market.

Carnegie devoted much of his fortune to philanthropy. He gave away $350 million over his lifetime, primarily in the form of millions of dollars’ worth of libraries across the United States. The total number of Carnegie libraries in the world is 2,509.

Carnegie also used his wealth for public causes. He was one of the group that bought the “Gospel of Peace” for $225,000 which was to be displayed at the Paris Exhibition in 1900.

When the government withdrew from its agreement to fund it, he helped fund construction and maintained ownership until 1904 when it was given to the Smithsonian Institution.

He also funded peace halls and research institutes. He founded the Carnegie Hero Fund Commission to provide financial awards to those who risked their life to save or attempt to save the life of another.

His wealth was also used to establish a system of free libraries in the United States and Canada.

Carnegie was active with Democratic Party politics and supported William Jennings Bryan for President in 1896 and 1900.

He was an advisor for Andrew Carnegie’s Peace Palace at The Hague, which served as the international headquarters for The League of Nations from 1920 to 1946.

Andrew Carnegie Philanthropy

Pittsburgh industrialist Andrew Carnegie is one of America’s most famous philanthropists. After amassing a fortune in the steel industry, Carnegie gave away nearly 90% of his wealth to charitable causes.

His giving was so prolific that he was often referred to as “the most generous man in America.” Carnegie’s main focus was on education, funding thousands of libraries and universities across the country.

He also supported the arts, founding the Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh.

Upon his death in 1919, he had given away over 90 percent of his fortune to charity. Carnegie’s philanthropy was wide-ranging, supporting education, scientific research, and the arts. He was also a major benefactor of the public library system in the United States.

Andrew Carnegie Business Practices

Andrew Carnegie was a Scottish-American industrialist who led the American steel industry in the late 19th century.

When Andrew Carnegie started his business career in the railroad industry, he was determined to learn everything he could about the business.

 He was a quick learner and rose through the ranks to become one of the most successful railroad businessmen in the country.

 He is widely recognized as one of the most influential businessmen in American history. Carnegie was a pioneer in the development of the steel industry and is credited with creating the first Bessemer converter, which made the mass production of steel possible.

He was known for his business practices, which were considered ruthless by some. Carnegie was a shrewd businessman who was always looking for ways to increase profits and reduce costs. He was also a great innovator, and he was the first to use the Bessemer process to make steel.

Andrew Carnegie FAQs

Who is Andrew Carnegie?

Andrew Carnegie was born in Dunfermline, Scotland, in 1835 and emmigrated to the United States in 1848.  He began his career as a telegrapher and, in 1864, became the manager of the Pittsburgh division of the Pennsylvania Railroad.

Carnegie’s business acumen and engineering skills led to his appointment as president of the railroad in 1880s

Carnegie’s investments in steel mills made him one of the wealthiest men in the world. He was a major philanthropist, giving away nearly 90 percent of his fortune to various causes. Carnegie died in 1919.

What did Andrew Carnegie Do?

Andrew Carnegie rose from humble beginnings as a telegrapher to become one of the wealthiest and most successful businessmen in America.

His career in business began on a whim, when he borrowed some money to invest in the stock market.

His skills and hard work allowed him to succeed despite his limited education.

Carnegie was a pioneer of the steel industry, creating the first steel-making process that made mass production possible.

He built one of the largest steel companies in America and was also president of another large company.

Where was Andrew Carnegie Born?

Andrew Carnegie was born in Dunfermline, Scotland, on June 10, 1835.  He emigrated to the United States with his parents when he was eight years old.

He wound up in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

What was Andrew Carnegie known for?       

Andrew Carnegie was known as a skilled businessman and industrialist.  He was a pioneer in the steel industry and is credited with creating the first Bessemer converter, which made mass production of steel possible.

He also invested in railroad lines that helped open up access to the western United States.

Carnegie is also remembered for his philanthropy, establishing institutional endowments and foundations to aid education, science, and other causes.

He gave away nearly 90 percent of his wealth during his lifetime.

Was Andrew Carnegie a captain of industry?

Andrew Carnegie was a pioneer in the steel industry and was among the first to use Bessemer converters to mass-produce metal.

He built Carnegie Steel Company, which was one of the largest steel companies in America.

Carnegie expanded his company through numerous acquisitions throughout his career.

He also served as chief executive officer when the firm was reorganized into U.S. Steel, one of the largest corporations in America at its time of incorporation.

How did Andrew Carnegie Die?        

Andrew Carnegie died in Lenox, Massachusetts, on August 11, 1919.

He had been ill for more than a year with heart trouble and pneumonia.

Carnegie was also suffering from kidney disease and dropsy.

He was buried at Sleepy Hollow Cemetery in Tarrytown, New York.

What did Andrew Carnegie do with his wealth?

Andrew Carnegie was a generous philanthropist who believed that his wealth should help those less fortunate.

He became one of the wealthiest men in the world and gave away nearly 90 percent of his fortune to various causes.

In addition to founding universities and libraries, Carnegie established two foundations—the Carnegie Corporation and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace—to help promote international peace by sponsoring cultural, educational, and scientific exchanges between nations.

These foundations continue to operate today.

Where did Andrew Carnegie Live?

Andrew Carnegie lived in New York and Pennsylvania, primarily in New York City, from 1848 until his death.

He was a resident of Pittsburgh when he died in 1919.

What did Andrew Carnegie do?

Andrew Carnegie’s career began as a telegrapher and then progressed to the railroad industry, where he became president of the Pittsburgh division of the Pennsylvania Railroad.

He made a fortune investing in steel companies, principally Carnegie Steel Company, which he started with his partner Henry Clay Frick.

He also bought and sold numerous railroads during his career.

Carnegie was an honest, shrewd businessman who always looked for ways to increase profits and reduce costs.

How much did Andrew Carnegie Make on the Railroad?

Andrew Carnegie used his business skills to become a successful steel magnate.

He started as a telegrapher for the Allegheny Valley Railroad and then became a superintendent for the Pennsylvania Railroad.

From there he moved into iron manufacturing, establishing Keystone Bridge Company in 1874.

In 1884, he founded the Carnegie Steel Company.  Carnegie served as president of the company until his retirement in 1901.

Carnegie built the Carnegie Steel Corporation to become the country’s largest integrated iron and steel organization; in 1901, Carnegie sold his company to J.P. Morgan for US$480 million, who then consolidated it with U.S. Steel.

US Steel was the world’s first billion-dollar firm, with a capitalization of US$1.4 billion at the time.

What was Andrew Carnegie’s view on education?

Andrew Carnegie believed that every man had a right to education and worked hard to achieve it for others.

He used his money and influence to promote universal education and library access for those less fortunate than himself.

He spent $5 million to build Carnegie Hall, which opened in New York City in 1891.

Andrew Carnegie and Dale Carnegie are not related, although they are both famous Scotsmen.

Dale Carnegie (1888–1955) was an American self-help author who wrote several books on business and personal development.

His book “How to Win Friends and Influence People” has sold more than 15 million copies.

How did Andrew Carnegie make his money?

In 1849, Andrew Carnegie borrowed $50 from his relatives to invest in a new telegraph venture.

Why was Andrew Carnegie Important?

Andrew Carnegie was an influential entrepreneur and philanthropist who built his fortune by creating, expanding, and operating industry.

Carnegie is credited with establishing the Bessemer steel making process that made mass production possible.

He also bought and sold numerous railroads during his career.

Carnegie was an honest, shrewd businessman who always looked for ways to increase profits and reduce costs.

How much was Andrew Carnegie worth?

Andrew Carnegie controlled a vast business empire that peaked at $475 million.  He was one of the richest men in the world, but also gave away most of his fortune to promote education and international peace.

Carnegie’s net worth peaked at US$475 million in his later years, but by the time of his death in 1919, he had contributed the majority of his riches to charities and other charitable undertakings, leaving him with just US$30 million in his personal fortune.

Andrew Carnege is estimated to be worth $372 billion in today’s dollars.

How much did Carnegie make in steel?

Carnegie made a fortune in the steel industry after founding his first company, Carnegie Steel Company, in 1892.

He is credited with inventing the first Bessemer converter, which made mass production of steel possible.

In 1901, Carnegie sold his company to J.P. Morgan for US$480 million, who then consolidated it with U.S. Steel.

Where is Andrew Carnegie Buried?

Andrew Carnegie was buried in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery in Tarrytown, New York.

What did Andrew Carnegie do with his wealth?

Andrew Carnegie used his wealth to promote industry, education, and international peace.

He founded several institutions including the Carnegie library and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

He gave away the majority of his wealth to build libraries, universities, and fund philanthropic projects.

How many libraries did Andrew Carnegie Build?

Between 1883 and 1929, Carnegie supported the construction of 2,509 “Carnegie Libraries” worldwide. There were 1,795 of them in the United States, including 1,687 public libraries and 108 university institutions.

Additional structures have been constructed throughout Europe, South Africa, Barbados, Australia, and New Zealand. In the United States, the last Carnegie Library award was made in 1919.

How did Andrew Carnegie make his money?

In 1848, at age twenty-one, Andrew Carnegie started a wire company in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania.

He moved west and entered the telegraph industry in 1867, when he established the Western Union Telegraph Company along with Thomas A.

Was Andrew Carnegie Married?

Andrew Carnegie was married to Louise Whitfield from 1888 until his death in 1919. Louise Whitfield died in 1946. 

Andrew Carnegie character traits

Carnegie started working in a textile mill at the age of thirteen. He worked his way up the ladder and became the superintendent of the mill.

He was a successful businessman and he was known for his character traits of hard work and determination. He also had a strong belief in the power of education.

Carnegie gave away millions of dollars to support education and libraries. He is also known for his philanthropy.

Carnegie was a very successful businessman, but he is also remembered for his philanthropy. He gave away most of his fortune to various causes, including education and libraries.

 Carnegie was a very intelligent and determined individual. He was also a very generous person, which is evident by his many philanthropic endeavors.

How much would Andrew Carnegie be worth today?           

In 1885, Carnegie founded the Carnegie Steel Company, which became the largest steel producer in the United States.

He sold the company to J.P. Morgan in 1901 for $480 million. If Carnegie were alive today, he would be worth an estimated $310 billion.

While his wealth would certainly be much lower today due to inflation, he would still be one of the richest people in the world.          

How are Andrew Carnegie and john d Rockefeller similar  

The lives of Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller provide an interesting window into the Gilded Age in America.

 Both men were born in the mid-1800s, and both rose to power and wealth in the United States during the late 1800s.

While their backgrounds and experiences were quite different, there are some similarities between the two men.

 For example, both Carnegie and Rockefeller were extremely ambitious and were determined to make as much money as possible. They were also quite ruthless in their business dealings, often using their wealth and power to get ahead.

 Finally, both men were philanthropists, giving generously to various causes throughout their lives.

Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh

The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh is the public library system in the city of Pittsburgh. It is the second largest library system in Pennsylvania in terms of the number of volumes held, after Philadelphia’s Free Library.

 The main branch is Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, located at 4500 Forbes Avenue. It has been open since 1895 and is an outstanding example of the Gilded Age mode of “municipal beautification” and philanthropy.

 It featured paintings by the Parisian artist Puvis de Chavannes.

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